Genesis 12

Abram & Sarai


[1] Now the LORD Elohim YHWH had said unto Abram, Get thee you out of thy your country, and from thy your kindred, and from thy your father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee you:
[2] And I will make of thee you a great nation, and I will bless thee you, and make thy your name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
[3] And I will bless them that bless thee you, and curse him that curseth thee you: and in thee you shall all families of the earth be blessed.
[4] So Abram departed, as the LORD Elohim YHWH had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five 75 years old when he departed out of Haran.
[5] And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.
[6] And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.
[7] And the LORD Elohim appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy your seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD Elohim YHWH , who appeared unto him.

וַיֵּרָא יְהוָה אֶל־אַבְרָם וַיֹּאמֶר לְזַרְעֲךָ אֶתֵּן אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָה הַנִּרְאֶה אֵלָיו

7. And Yahweh looked at Abram and said to your seed I will give this land and he built there an altar to Yahweh visible to him

[8] And he removed from thence there unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD Elohim YHWH , and called upon the name of the LORD Elohim YHWH .

וַיֶּעְתֵּק מִשָּׁם הָהָרָה מִקֶּדֶם לְבֵית־אֵל וַיֵּט אָהֳלֹה בֵּית־אֵל מִיָּם וְהָעַי מִקֶּדֶם וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָה וַיִּקְרָא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה

8. And he copied from the name of Hara from before to the house of Beth-el and filled the tabernacle of the house of Beth-el with water and the people from before and built there an altar to Jehovah and called in the name of Jehovah

[9] And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south.
[10] And there was a famine extreme and widespread scarcity of food in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn temporarily resides there; for the famine extreme and widespread scarcity of food was grievous in the land.
[11] And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:
[12] Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee you alive.
[13] Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee you.
[14] And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.
[15] The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house.
[16] And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses donkeys, and camels.

12:16 "And he treated Abram well for her sake; and he had sheep and cattle, donkeys, male and female servants, female donkeys, and camels."

[17] And the the LORD Elohim YHWH plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram’s wife.

17 "But the Elohim YHWH struck Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai, Abram's wife."

[18] And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy your wife?
[19] Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy your wife, take her, and go thy your way.
[20] And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.


In this passage, when Abram (later known as Abraham) and Sarai (later known as Sarah) entered Egypt due to a famine in the land of Canaan, Abram feared that the Egyptians would kill him because Sarai was very beautiful. To avoid this, Abram asked Sarai to pretend to be his sister rather than his wife.

When Sarai entered Egypt, she caught the attention of the officials and princes of Pharaoh. They saw her beauty, and this furthered Abram’s concerns about his safety, leading him to tell Sarai to pretend to be his sister to protect himself. This deception eventually led to the events where Sarai was taken into Pharaoh’s house, as mentioned in Genesis 12:19, before God intervened to protect her and her true identity as Abram’s wife was revealed. This incident is a significant part of the narrative in the early chapters of Genesis.


  1. Haran: This is the place where Abram lived before God called him to go to a new land.
  2. Canaan: God tells Abram to go to the land of Canaan, which is the promised land.
  3. Shechem: Abram travels through the land to Shechem, where God appears to him and promises the land to his descendants.
  4. Bethel: Abram goes from Shechem to Bethel, where he builds an altar and calls on the name of the Lord.
  5. Negev: Famine in the land prompts Abram to go to Egypt. He travels south to the Negev region in Egypt.
  6. Egypt: Abram and his wife Sarai go to Egypt to live there for a while due to the famine in Canaan.


there were female pharaohs in ancient Egypt. The most famous of them was Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt from 1478 BC to 1458 BC. She is often regarded as one of the most successful pharaohs in terms of trade, building projects, and the overall stability and prosperity of Egypt during her reign.

Another notable female pharaoh was Cleopatra VII, who ruled from 51 BC to 30 BC. Cleopatra was the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt and played a significant role in the events leading up to the demise of the Egyptian pharaonic rule. She was famous for her relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, both powerful figures in ancient Rome.

These female pharaohs were exceptions in the predominantly male-oriented ancient Egyptian society, but their reigns left a lasting impact on the history of Egypt.


Here’s a rough breakdown of the years according to the biblical genealogies:

  1. Noah was 600 years old when the Flood came (Genesis 7:6).
  2. Shem was 100 years old two years after the flood (Genesis 11:10).
  3. Arpachshad was born when Shem was 35 years old (Genesis 11:12).
  4. Shelah was born when Arpachshad was 35 years old (Genesis 11:14).
  5. Eber was born when Shelah was 30 years old (Genesis 11:16).
  6. Peleg was born when Eber was 34 years old (Genesis 11:18).
  7. Reu was born when Peleg was 30 years old (Genesis 11:20).
  8. Serug was born when Reu was 32 years old (Genesis 11:22).
  9. Nahor was born when Serug was 30 years old (Genesis 11:24).
  10. Terah was born when Nahor was 29 years old (Genesis 11:26).
  11. Abraham was born when Terah was 130 years old (Genesis 11:32).

Adding up these ages, the total comes to approximately 292 years. It’s important to note that interpretations and calculations might vary based on different religious traditions and historical sources.

292 years + 1460 + 2023 -> 3865 years ago

292 years + 49+ 2023 -> 2364 years ago

There is no record of a flood around that time…

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