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10,800 BCE

Ham, in the Bible, is one of Noah’s sons.


  • Shem
  • Japheth


  1. Cush – Often associated with the region of Nubia, south of Egypt.
  2. Mizraim – Traditionally identified with Egypt.
  3. Phut is generally linked to the region of Libya.
  4. Canaan – His descendants are said to have populated the region later known as Canaan, covering parts of modern-day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, and Syria.

He appears in the Book of Genesis and is most famously known for being the father of Canaan.

After the flood, Ham discovered Noah drunk and naked in his tent. Instead of covering his father’s nakedness, Ham told his two brothers, Shem and Japheth, who then walked backward into the tent to cover Noah without seeing him.

When Noah awoke and learned what had happened, he cursed Ham’s son Canaan, saying that he would be a servant to his brothers.

This story has often been cited in the context of various interpretations and debates, particularly concerning the “Curse of Ham,” which was erroneously used to justify racial hierarchies, particularly the subjugation of African people, as descendants of Ham through his son Canaan.

However, biblical scholars and theologians widely reject this interpretation as a misunderstanding or misrepresentation of the biblical text. The actual curse in the narrative was directed at Canaan, not Ham himself.