Mr. Leonard Horner

Nile sediment layers dated back approximately 13,500 years

In the book “Pre-Adamite Man,” Paschal Beverly Randolph discusses the significance of the number 13,500 in the context of the ancient history of Egypt. Here’s a detailed explanation based on the text:

  1. Ancient Pottery and Civilized Men: Randolph refers to the work of Mr. Leonard Horner, who conducted geological research near Cairo, Egypt. Horner’s findings suggested that fragments of pottery found in Nile sediment layers dated back approximately 13,500 years. This pottery was attributed to civilized men who lived in Egypt around that time​​.
  2. Scientific Basis: Horner’s research involved measuring the vertical rise of Nile sediment layers. Based on his calculations, the sedimentation rate was around 34 inches per century. The depth at which the pottery fragments were found (about 32 feet) indicated that these artifacts were deposited 13,500 years ago​​.
  3. Implications for Human History: This evidence challenges the conventional biblical timeline that places the creation of man much later. Randolph uses these findings to argue that human civilization existed long before the biblical Adam, suggesting a much older history of human activity and culture​​.
  4. Ancient Statues and Further Evidence: The book also mentions the discovery of statues and other artifacts at similar depths, supporting the idea that ancient civilizations like Egypt had a long and rich history well before traditionally accepted timelines​​.


  • Reevaluation of History: The findings push back the timeline for the existence of advanced human societies by thousands of years, requiring a reevaluation of historical narratives.
  • Support for Pre-Adamite Theory: Randolph uses these findings to support his Pre-Adamite theory, suggesting that human beings existed and were civilized long before the biblical figures.
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